Many of these sports related conditions can be treated non-surgically. Some forms of treatment are by either one of the following or a combination: physical therapy, heel stretching exercises, orthotics, muscle and tendon tapping, icing, anti-inflammatory medication, corticosteroid injections, using orthotic inserts and using more appropriate/supportive footwear.

Achilles Tendinitis

A condition that affects the Achilles tendon, the largest tendon in the body. Achilles tendinitis typically occurs because of overuse (often sports related) and degeneration, or wearing down with age and time.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is so increasingly common, that nearly two million people are treated for it each year. Plantar Fasciitis happens when the band of tissues, the plantar fascia, supporting the arch of your foot absorbs too much stress. When the tissues are strained from activities like running, they become inflamed, causing pain at the bottom of the heel.

Stress Fractures

Stress fractures happen when repeated impact is placed on a bone and our muscles are unable to absorb the stress. This can happen anywhere in the foot or ankle, but the second and third metatarsals are usually hit with stress fractures more frequently

Athletes who participate in sports such as running, basketball, tennis, gymnastics and dance are usually at a higher risk for foot and ankle stress fractures because of repetitive stress placed on their feet and ankles. A lack of conditioning, proper equipment or technique can also disrupt the mechanics of the foot and ankle and result in a stress fracture. Unlike a fracture, which is a broken bone, a stress fracture is a small crack in the bone.

Ankle Sprain

An ankle sprain can cause minimal pain or severe pain. It can be painful to walk and/or stand. All ankle sprains involve twisting of the foot, causing damage to the ligaments of the ankle. Inversion ankle sprains are the most common type and are caused by twisting the foot inward, resulting in damage to the outer ligaments as they are stretched.

Eversion sprains, caused by twisting the foot outward, usually cause more severe damage to the inside ankle ligaments.

Neuroma

Neuroma is a condition involving a pinched nerve in the foot. The main symptom people experience with a neuroma is pain between the toes while walking. Other symptoms often associated with a neuroma are, pain in the ball of your foot and/or tingling and numbness.

While there is not an exact cause, many different things may play a role in the development of a neuroma, such as flat feet or feet with high arches, overuse or stress, shoe size and style, and trauma.

Heel Spur

A heel spur is a calcium deposit that results in a bony protrusion on the heel bone. When the plantar fascia, a band of fibrous tissues that runs along the bottom of the foot from the heel to forefoot, stretches away from the heel. Athletes with either very flat feet or high arches may be more prone to this condition. Other contributing factors include running on hard surfaces, improper footwear, age or weight, walking gait that places stress on the heel, and even diabetes. Heel spurs can cause extreme pain in the rearfoot, especially while standing or walking.

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